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Musée des Oasis      Musée des Oasis      Musée des Oasis      Musée des Oasis      Musée des Oasis

Catalogue of the Oasis Museum, hall 1:

Oasis: agriculture and sedentary life

In the presaharic area of South Morocco, agriculture and sedentary life are limited to the middle of the valleys, where water from the Grat Atlas Mountains or from the Jebel Saghro makes irrigation possible.

These fertile valleys are real oasis surrounded by arid land. Water comes to them from a river or from subterranean springs by wells or from a Khettara.

Museu dels Oasis

Map of presaharic valleys and their main cultivations:


Systems for obtaining water:

1st - A river

riu Draa
The Drâa   Photo: Roger Mimó, 1990

2nd - Wells

pou
Real wide reproduction

pou
Detail

Well with water distribution system called Oghror

Objects composing the reproduction:
2 Oughror: ref. 002/003. Origen: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), s. XX.
Pulley: ref. 004. Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century.
Winch: ref. 005. Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century.
Rope: ref. 006. Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century.

politxa

Well pulley

Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century. Ref. 007.

cercapous

Hook for recovering ropes fallen in wells

Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century. Ref. 008.

3rd - Khettaras (underground canals)

fogara
Khettaras of Jorf (Gheris)    Photo: Roger Mimó, 1993

fogara

 


Agricultural labors: plowing

arada
Assif Melloul valley   Photo: Roger Mimó, 1992

arada
Plough     Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century. Ref. 009.


Agricultural labors: seeding

aixades
Hoes
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century. Ref.10/11

aixadó
Pick
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century. Ref. 012.

carabassa
Gourd to stock seeds
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century. Ref. 013.

protectors per les cames
Leg protectors for land laborers
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 014

aixadó
Pick to plant broad beans
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 015


Agricultural labors: trimming and protecting

eina per esporgar palmeres
Tool for trimming palm trees     Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 016.

galledes
Buckets for boiling water used to fight Bayout (a palm tree disease)
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 017/019.

trampa
Trap for foxes and rabbits     Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 073.


Agricultural labors: pollinating


Sacks for the male parts of the palm flower used to pollinate the palms
Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century, ref. 020/022.


Agricultural labors: mowing


Assif Melloul valley    Photo: Roger Mimó, 1992

falç
Sickles for corn        Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 023

falç
Sickles for alfalfa       Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 024/026.


Agricultural labors: beating

era per batre
Imenane valley, High Atlas occidental        Photo: Roger Mimó, 1998

protectors de la mula
Leg protector for mules when beating
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 027

forca
Sorter to separate grain from straw
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 028.

pivots
Pivots for mules to beat
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 030/031.

pala
Shovel to separate grain from straw
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 029.


Agricultural labors: transporting

muler
Tifnout valley, Western High Atlas   Photo: Roger Mimó, 1984

albarda

Mule saddle

Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 032.

Cingla
Saddle strap for a mule
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 033

Bossa pel menjar de la mula
Bag of mule food Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 034.

Bossa pel menjar del cavall
Bag of horse food Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 035

estrep
Stirrup
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 036

ferradures
Horseshoes for mules and donkeys
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 037/038/039.

protectors per la mula
Knee protector for mules when walking
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 040.

esperons
Spurs           Origin: Boudenib (Guir), 20th century, ref. 041.

esperó
Spur            Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 042.

boç
Bit for a donkey
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 043.

boç
Bit for a donkey
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 044.

boç
Bit for a mule
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref.45

boç
Bit for a horse
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 046.

Recipients per gra, dàtils, etc.

Containers for grain, straw, dates...

Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 047 a 053.

Xarxes per a transportar palla

Nets to transport straw

Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 054/055.


Agricultural labors: pounding

Molí
Mill for grain, henna, etc.             Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 056.


Cattle-raising in the oasis

Seient
Seat to milk cows
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 057.

Sal
Salt to make cows drink water and increase its milk production
Origin: Ksar El Khorbat, Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 058.

Protectors de pollets
Chicken protectors
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 059/060.

Pedres per triturar pinyols de dàtil
Rock used to crush the seeds of dates destined to feed the cattle
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 061 a 063.

Estaca
Pile for attaching the cattle
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 064.

Tisores
Scissors for shearing sheep
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 065 a 067.

Falç per esquilar
Sickles to shear sheep
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 068 a 072.


Apiculture

Rusc d'abelles
Cover of a beehive
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 074.

Canyes per abelles
Cane used to transport the queen bee
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 075/076.


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Copyright © Maison d’Hôtes El Khorbat s.a.r.l. 2006. Updated in January 2021.

Welcome to Ksar El Khorbat. Circuits in Southern Morocco. Rooms of the Guesthouse El Khorbat. Restaurant El Khorbat. Excursions from Ksar El Khorbat. How to arrive to the Ksar El Khorbat. Airports. Transfers. Map of Morocco. International cooperation in Ksar El Khorbat. Prices and discounts to stay in Ksar El Khorbat.